Science and Religion are considered as antonyms, generally. In your brain also, science and religion are ‘fighting‘ with each other. Not only in a metaphorical sense, but in a real, physical altercation. These results are found by researchers from Case Western Reserve University (Ohio) and Babson College (Massachusetts).
The researchers found that theists are more likely to be involved in religious practices and their faith often suppress their brain to think analytical thinking. The religious people, instead, engage the empathetic network.
“When there’s a question of faith, from the analytic point of view, it may seem absurd,”
said the research team’s leader Professor Tony Jack. He continued,
“But, from what we understand about the brain, the leap of faith to belief in the supernatural amounts to pushing aside the critical/analytical way of thinking to help us achieve greater social and emotional insight.”
The researchers conducted eight experiments, each one with 159 to 527 adults. They found a correlation that the more empathetic person was more likely religious. This also fits with a previous finding that women tend to be more religious or spiritual than men, which can now be explained by their stronger tendency towards empathy.
On the other hand, researchers found that theists are not as smart and intelligent as the atheists.
Intelligence is not as important a characteristic to the theists.
“Our studies confirmed that statistical relationship, but at the same time showed that people with faith are more prosocial and empathic,”
said Richard Boyatzis, a Case Western University Reserve Professor.
Ratner, Paul (24 March, 2016). Religious people are less smart but atheists are psychopaths. Retrieved on November 24, 2018 from Big Think: https://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/new-study-says-religious-people-are-less-smart-but-atheists-are-psychopaths-5